Website Monash University

EuroQol-funded PhD scholarship: Incorporating carer outcomes in health economic evaluation using the EQ-5D


While, traditionally, economic evaluations considered the costs and benefits of the person receiving care only, recent international guidelines on conducting economic evaluations recommend including costs and benefits of informal carers when adopting a societal perspective. The EQ-5D is a commonly used health-related quality of life measure for use in economic evaluation but its performance in informal carers is currently unknown. There is an urgent need for further research, examining how carers’ quality of life can be included in health economic evaluation using the EQ-5D. This requires the assessment of the appropriateness of the EQ-5D in capturing caregiving impacts when compared with other quality of life measures. Additionally, incorporating carer outcomes, also referred to as ‘spillover effects’, into health economic evaluation requires further investigation into the extent of potential ‘double-counting’. Finally, when decisions are based on cost per quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained, there are challenges in combining ‘carer QALYs’ and ‘patient QALYs’ in an economic evaluation. The aim of this PhD research program is to address current methodological issues concerning the inclusion of carer outcomes in health economic evaluation using the EQ-5D tools.

Primary supervisor:

Lidia Engel (Monash University)


Prof Cathy Mihalopoulos (Monash University)
Assoc Prof Brendan Mulhern (UTS)


A stipend of $33,000 per year (tax free) will be provided for 3.5 years. This PhD scholarship also comes with funds for the student to cover training and professional development, as well as funds to cover data collection and funding support for attending EuroQol meetings.

How to apply

Interested applicants should send an email expressing their interest along with scanned copies of their academic transcripts, CV, a brief statement of their research interests and motivations for and goals in undertaking a PhD.

Please send the email expressing interest to by 19 February 2023.

For further information, please click HERE.

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